Androgenic alopecia, also known as Androgenic Alopecia is a hair loss condition caused by the malfunctioning of hormones and commonly occurs in both women and men. Among the female and male species, this condition is referred to as a female and male pattern hair loss or baldness respectively. This reference is used because the affected person’s hair loss follows a distinctive pattern, which is a potentially reversible miniaturization of hair, central limited on the scalp in most cases. The distinguishing difference between men and women with pattern alopecia condition is the hair loss pattern.
Hair loss in men manifests itself in a defined pattern by typically starting above the two temples and a gradual receding of the hairline resulting in an ‘M’ characteristic shape.
There is also hair loss on the head’s crown that results in complete or partial vertex baldness. In women, the hair thins on the head’s crown, though unlike in then men’s case, there is no receding of hairline. Androgenic alopecia in women does not result into complete baldness.
The available primary medication treatment for androgenetic alopecia female and male hair loss includes: Finasteride whose original development objective was treating conditions of an enlarged prostate.
However, a low version of the dose is approved for treating men’s pattern baldness not women's. Finasteride attempts to tackle the factors that cause baldness through a prevention of the 5-alpha-reductase conversion into dihydrotestosterone (DHT).
The latter is the key male hormone associated to loss of hair and its reduced production effectively counters men’s pattern baldness. The use of this drug by women is strictly recommended to be through a physician’s consultation.
Dutasteride (avodart) is an alopecia dose that works in a similar manner to Finasteride, although it reportedly reduces the overall production of DHT to a greater extent. Women are similarly recommended to consult a physician prior to using this drug. Minoxidil (Rogaine) is used for direct stimulation of the hair follicles into increased levels of growth.
Other than medicines, certain herbal supplements play a crucial role in the treatment of alopecia.
Some examples of the herbal supplements used in offsetting pattern baldness are Saw Palmetto, Boarage oil, extracts of Green tea, Stinging nettle and Grape seeds, Platycodon, Formula, pygeum and Licorice.
The condition of androgenic alopecia is estimated to occur at a frequency of 20% in women and is generally attributed to an overproduction of testosterone which is an androgenic hormone.
The production of testosterone in men’s bodies is usually in large capacities though the quantity difference in comparison to women is hardly significant under typical conditions. An excess of testosterone hormone in men leads to a considerable loss of hair on the scalp while more hair starts developing on the other body parts.
On the other hand, women with an excess of testosterone similarly lose hair on their scalps while alarmingly developing body hair and facial hair growth. This strange condition of hair loss is commonly experienced during acne outbreaks because there is a tendency for the skin to produce excess oil due to increased testosterone levels. ^Back up to Androgenic Alopecia
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